Trial in a Courtroom

The top people in a court trial are the judge, sometimes a court reporter, sometimes a clerk, plus a bailiff. Also present are the prospector, defense attorney, defendant, witnesses and in certain trials – jurors. A jury trail can be in order depending on the severity of the charges against the defendant.

The judge is key in the court trial and normally sits on a platform that is higher than everybody. Normally there is a witness stand to right of the judge as viewed by the court. The judge moderates and allows each party to present their version of what happened. The prosecutor exams and the defense attorney has the right to cross examine. The bailiff assists and maintains order in the court if that is needed. If there is a jury, the bailiff will supervise them and assist them in almost any way possible.

An attorney will often represent the defendant unless the defendant has stated they want to represent themselves. The judge will normally try to convince the defendant to not represent themselves. Attorneys are officers of the court and need to have knowledge of the court rules and follow those rules. They protect client rights and introduce evidence and arguments to the benefit of the defendant. The judge will decide on legal issues facing the court. The judge or jury decide on guilt and trials follow rules of procedure that have been established by the court.


Jurors are important if there is a jury trial. The defendants in serious criminal cases are granted the right to a jury of peers and that’s a cornerstone of the United States legal system. Prospective jurors are culled from registered voters and licensed drivers of voting age. All voting age U.S. citizens can be summoned to serve and are exempt only if mentally incompetent or a convicted felon whose record has not been restored. They can be called for 120 days and it is their duty as a citizen to serve on a jury if called.

A court trail means all case facts are presented to a judge and a jury. Again, the severity of the charges will dictate if it is a trial that includes a jury of peers. A bench trial is when there is only the judge and a jury is not present. Normally the charges are explained to the defendant and consequences detailed to ensure the defendant knows what is going on during the trail. The defendant can plead guilty, not guilty or accept a plea deal. The defense attorney will explain all of this to the defendant in detail, and in terms the defendant can understand.

There are a lot of legal procedures and maneuvers carried out at criminal trials in this day and age. But, these legal procedures and maneuvers have evolved over many centuries and times. A pre-set list of procedures are followed at the state and federal level. Many criminal trials are prosecuted and the defendant is defended until the end of the trail. Judges have gone to law school and passed the bar and are licensed attorneys as well.

Call DUI Lawyer Jackson MS, Joey Franks, at (601) 773-7777