Glossary of Courtroom Terms that you can use
Judge versus a Jury Trial: For a DUI first offense or DUI second offense in the state of Mississippi, trials are in front of a judge only. Jury trials start at DUI third offense and above as well as an aggravated DUI. The jury is made up of what’s call defendant peers.
Jury: A jury is vetted by asking questions in what’s called voir dire. All parties of the court want to ensure jury members are impartial and have not decided in advance on guilt or innocence.
Evidence: The defense and prosecution request in advance admitting or excluding certain evidence. The judge then decides if certain evidence can be admitted or excluded.
Prosecution case-in-chief: The prosecution shows its case by examining prosecution witnesses that it has is subpoenaed to appear in court.
Cross-examination: The defense can cross-examine the prosecution witness and try to poke holes in their testimony.
Prosecution rebuttal: The prosecutor offers evidence to negate defense arguments. This may involve re-questioning a prosecution witness after the defense has cross examined.
Prosecution rests: The prosecution has finished and rests their case. The defense can also do the same thing.
Motion to dismiss: The defense makes a motion to dismiss if prosecution has not produced evidence to prove guilt. The judge may deny this in what’s called a denial of motion to dismiss. However, if the judge agrees, then the trial is over and the defendant is free.
Settling on jury instructions: The prosecution, defense and judge agree on instructions to give the jury after they get together on meet on this.
Prosecution closing argument: The prosecution does a summary of the evidence and asks for a guilty verdict. Defense can be allowed a closing argument.
Jury deliberations: The jury meets to reach a verdict. Hung jury means not enough agreed.
Sentencing: The judge tells the defendant the sentence they must serve.
Call DUI Attorney Jackson MS, Joey Franks, at (601) 773-7777