1. Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, is situated in Magnolia State and has a population of 173,514.

2. In 1821, Jackson was established on the west bank of the Pearl River.

3. In 1839, the Governor’s Mansion was approved for construction and was completed after three years. Also, the building is the second-oldest official home in the United States.

4. When Mississippi broke away from the Union, Jackson became the seat of war in 1861. Four years later, Jackson was captured five times by the Union troops.

5. Jackson is authorized by the International Theater/Dance Committee to organize the International Ballet Competition. Every four years, the city hosts the Competition. Other host nations include Helsinki, Finland, Varna, Bulgaria; and Moscow, Russia.

6. Natchez was the first capital of Mississippi when the state was a United States territory. Next was Washington, which became the capital when the state was received into the Union, followed by Columbia and then Jackson in 1822.

7. Louis LeFleur, a French-Canadian trader, established Jackson. For several years, Jackson was termed LeFleur’s Bluff.

8. Presently, the Jackson Zoo keeps reptiles, mammals, and birds from 4 different continents. However, in the 1900s, Jackson city firefighters at the city’s Central Fire Station kept wild pets like alligators, squirrels, and deer. Also, in the 1920s Jackson got land to develop a zoological park, and the pets of the firemen were displayed first.

9. On the 11th of June, 1963, the 1st lung transplant (human) was carried out in Jackson at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. James Hardy led the transplant team. One year later, the 1st human heart transplant was done using the heart of a chimpanzee.

10. The first African-American to work as the United States Secretary of Education in 2001 was Roderick Paige. He was a football coach and recommends the improvement of public educational openings. Roderick page studied at the Jackson State University and graduated in 1955.

11. In 2006, the Mississippi Blues Trail was created in 2006 to educate the people about the American art form. 189 notable markers are distributed over Jackson, and every sign positioned at a site played a part in structuring the blues genre – Jackson has thirteen such sites, including the site dedicated to Otis Spann (a renowned blues pianist).

12. On the north side of the capital, there is a naval figurehead with a shape that looks like a flying eagle. It was owned by the USS Mississippi, which was authorized in 1904. The figurehead was given to the state before selling it to Greece. Presently, the figurehead is attached to a big planter beside the capitol building.

13. 75 million years ago, the current Jackson city was placed on a volcanic island. Also, about 2900 ft beneath the intersection of I-55 and East Pascagoula Street, is the origin of an extinct volcano. Presently, a multipurpose arena with 6500 seats (Mississippi Coliseum) is situated on its caldera.

14. From a camp close to Jackson, prisoners of war were enlisted to build a replica of the Mississippi River basin in 1943. It was built so flood patterns can be predicted.

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